- Designation: National Treasure No. 289
- Period: Goryeo Period
- Location: San 80-1, Wanggung-ri, Wanggung-myeon, Iksan, Jeollabuk-do.
It is the Five-story Stone Pagoda in Wanggung-ri, Iksan. It is presumed to be the Baekje style five-story stone pagoda built in the early Goryeo. Five-story pagoda body stands on a single base. It does not look stable because of low base. Pillars were engraved on the corner and the side of the body stone. The roof stones were wide and thin. The corners of roof stone are slightly raised. The 1st-story roof stone is wider than the base and roof stones are flat. It shows that the style of Baekje stone pagoda remains.
It is known as the capital of Mahan, an ancient small nation in Korea. A palace had been built in the late Baekje period, and thereafter, there was a large Buddhist temple. In 1965, Sarira reliquaries were discovered inside the base and the 1st-story roof stone. In recent excavations, the foundations of the building, which is supposed to be a wooden pagoda, were found under the pagoda. A lot of artifacts were discovered around the pagoda that made the building layout inferred. A city wall surrounding this area was also found.
Octagonal corner stones serving as a corner pillars had been installed at each corner of the base and large stones between the pillars had been also assembled. It shows the architectural style of the wooden pagoda.
Built in the style of the stone pagoda of Mireuksa Temple of Baekje, this nine-meter pagoda has a one-story stylobate, a thin and wide roof stone, and three-story support stones. During it’s disassembly and restoration in 1965 and 1966, many artifacts were discovered. Inside the roof stone and stylobate were found Buddhist reliquaries including 19 printing blocks of the Diamond Sutra, a gilt-bronze sarira case, and a sarira bottle. A building foundation 16.8 meters in width and 12.7 meters in length that may have been for an earlier wooden pagoda was discovered below this pagoda. Roof tile with inscriptions of Chinese characters from the Unified Silla were found around this pagoda. These facts have spawned a number of theories on when this pagoda was built. Estimates range from the Baekje, Unified Silla, to early Goryeo periods. (Cultural Heritage Administration, 2014)
- Cultural Heritage Administration, 2017